The “Basics” of Closed Adoption
Closed adoption is when no identifying information is shared between the birth and adoptive families. Closed adoption is also called “confidential” or “secret” adoption because the record of the biological parent(s) are kept sealed. Closed adoptions are rare in the United States, but were the norm in the past.
“Closed adoptions are rare in the United States, but were the norm in the past.”
Just like open adoptions, the choice to move forward with a closed adoption will depend on your individual circumstances.
Pros and Cons
For the birth parent, potential advantages of closed adoption include a sense of closure and privacy. Potential advantages for the child include reduced risk of complications that arise from co-parenting or in some cases, protection from relationships with unstable birth family members.
Communication is Key
Communication and honesty are vital to the adoption process. It’s important to think through all these factors to determine what’s best for you and the child. In a closed adoption, communication is mediated by an adoption agency or attorney. If you’re deciding between an open and closed adoption, communicate your expectations, wishes, and desires. Talk through all your concerns with a professional to help you decide.